10 Countries That Don't Officially Exist
It’d be nice to have your own country, but only if other people recognise you, find out more in 10 countries that don’t officially exist.
State of Palestine
Officially recognized as a non-member observer state of the UN in 2013, despite US and Israeli opposition. In 1964, the Organization for the Liberalisation of Palestine was created, while on 15th of November in 1988, the state of Palestine declared its independence. It's been recognized by 68% of countries.
Illegal Occupation of Northern Cyprus by Turkey
The "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" is an unrecognized and illegal "state". It forms the part of the territory of the Republic of Cyprus which was occupied in 1974 when the Turkish army invaded the island, and which then declared itself "independent", on 15 November 1983. It's recognized solely by Turkey.
Republic of Kosovo
The Republic of Kosovo is claimed by Serbia as part of its sovereign territory. Actions for Kosovo's liberation began after the elections of 2007, when Hashim Thaçi took power. In 2008, the first Constitution was adopted, which came into effect on 15th of June, without being recognized by Serbia. The state is recognized by 108 countries (53%).
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Declared independence in 1976, claiming sovereignty over the entire Western Sahara. The creation of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic was announced in Bir Lehlou in Western Sahara on February 27, 1976, as the Polisario declared the need for a new entity to fill what they considered a political void left by the departing Spanish colonisers. A new 1999 Constitution of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic took a form similar to the parliamentary constitutions of many European states, but with some paragraphs suspended until the achievement of "full independence". The state is recognized by 35 countries (26%).
Republic of China
Also known as Taiwan, only recognized by 22 UN members - arguably due to China's influence. Despite the declaration of its independence, China insists that the area is its province, but the state has developed its own political system, and elections are held since 1947. It's been only recognized only by 11% of countries.
Republic of South Ossetia
Declaring independence from Georgia in 1990, fighting has occurred as recently as 2008 in the South Ossetia War. In the wake of the 2008 South Ossetia War, Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela and Nauru recognised South Ossetia's independence (3% recognition).
Republic of Abkhazia
A breakaway region of Georgia, which declared independence in 1999. Abkhazia is situated on the Eastern coast of the Black sea, bordering Russia in the North and North Caucasus along the Caucasus Mountains Range and Georgia in the East. Until 26th August 2008, when Russia (followed by Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, Vanuatu and Tuvalu) recognised both Abkhazia and South Ossetia as independent states, Abkhazia continued to act as a de facto sovereign state, constantly making its case for international recognition, having finally declared its full independence from Georgia in 1999. (3% recognition)
Officially part of Moldova, but enjoys greater independence than other states with limited recognition. The War of Transnistria followed armed clashes on a limited scale which broke out between Transnistrian separatists and Moldova as early as November 1990 at Dubăsari. Volunteers, including Cossacks, came from Russia and Ukraine to help the separatist side. All UN member states consider Transnistria a legal part of the Republic of Moldova. Only the partially recognized states of South Ossetia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and Abkhazia recognize it as a sovereign entity after it declared independence from Moldova in 1990 with Tiraspol as its declared capital.
Officially part of Azerbaijan and only recognized by 3 countries - themselves with limited recognition. The Nagorno-Karabakh Republic is a presidential democracy with a unicameral parliament.
Republic of Somaliland
Internationally recognized as being a region of Somalia rather than a separate country. After the collapse of the central government in 1991, the local government, led by the SNM, declared independence from the rest of Somalia on 18 May of the same year. However, Somaliland's self-proclaimed independence remains unrecognised by any country or international organisation.
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10 Countries That Don't Officially Exist Reviewed by Katerina Pap on 7:27 AM Rating: