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Wednesday, August 24, 2016

19 Pregnancy Troubles Illustrated In The Most Hilarious Way

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19 Pregnancy Troubles Illustrated In The Most Hilarious Way - Every future dad's greatest fear

Line Severinsen, mother of two, decided to create some hilarious webcomics based on the everyday problems a woman faces when she is pregnant.

Line Severinsen is an illustrator/animator who lives in Bergen, Norway.

Her comic series is called Kos og Kaos, which is German for “Cuddles and Chaos.” Check out more at her website and Instagram.
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Scientists have found a woman whose eyes have a whole new type of colour receptor

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Scientists have found a woman whose eyes have a whole new type of colour receptor

After more than 25 years of searching, neuroscientists in the UK recently announced that they've discovered a woman who has an extra type of cone cell - the receptor cells that detect colour - in her eyes.

According to estimates, that means she can see an incredible 99 million more colours than the rest of us, and the scientists think she's just one of a number of people with super-vision, which they call "tetrachromats", living amongst us.

Most humans are trichromats, which means we have three types of cone cells in our eyes.

Each type of cone cell is thought to be able to distinguish around 100 shades, so when you factor in all the possible combinations of these three cone cells combined, it means we can distinguish around 1 million different colours.

Most people who are colour blind only have two functioning types of cone cells, which is why they can only see around 10,000 shades - and almost all other mammals, including dogs and New World monkeys, are also dichromats.

But there's one doctor in northern England who has four cone cell types, taking the potential number of colours she can distinguish up to 100 million - colours most of us have never even dreamed of.

Identified only as cDa29, the scientists finally found this woman two years ago, but they've been searching for more than 25 year - and think there are more tetrachromats like her out there.

So how do you get a fourth type of cone cell?

The idea of tetrachromats was first suggested back in 1948 by Dutch scientist HL de Vries, who discovered something interesting about the eyes of colour blind people.

While colour blind men only possess two normal cone cells and one mutant cone that's less sensitive to either green or red light, he showed that the mothers and daughters of colour blind men had one mutant cone and three normal cones.

That meant they had four types of cone cells, even though only three were working normally - something that was unheard of before then.

Despite the significance of the finding, no one paid much attention to tetrachromats until the late '80s, when John Mollon from Cambridge University started searching for women who might have four functioning cone cells.

Assuming that colour blind men pass this fourth cone cell onto their daughters, Mollon estimated that around 12 percent of the female population should be tetrachromats.

But all of his tests showed that these women could only perceive the same colours as the rest of us - which meant only three of their cone cell types were working, so they weren't true tetrachromats.

Then, in 2007, neuroscientist Gabriele Jordan from Newcastle University in the UK, who had formerly worked alongside Mollon, decided to try a slightly different test to look for this super-vision.

She took 25 women who had a fourth type of cone cell, and put them in a dark room. Looking into a light device, three coloured circles of light flashed before these women's eyes.

To a trichromat, they all looked the same, but Jordan hypothesised that a true tetrachromat would be able to tell them apart thanks to the extra subtlety afforded to her by her fourth cone.

Incredibly, one of the women tested, cDa29, was able to differentiate the three different coloured circles in every single test.

"I was jumping up and down," Jordan told Veronique Greenwood from Discover magazine.

So if so many female children of colour blind men have four cones, why have we only been able to find one true tetrachromat?

For starters, the team was only looking within the UK. But the bigger issue that Jordan thinks most true tetrachromats would never need to use their fourth cone cell type, and so would never realise they had special vision.

"We now know tetrachromacy exists," she told Greenwood. "But we don’t know what allows someone to become functionally tetrachromatic, when most four-coned women aren’t."

Jay Neitz, a vision researcher at the University of Washington, who wasn't involved in the study, thinks that it might take practice and specially designed hues to truly unlock the power of tetrachromats.

"Most of the things that we see as coloured are manufactured by people who are trying to make colours that work for trichromats," he said. "It could be that our whole world is tuned to the world of the trichromat."

In other words, the colours we use are so limited that the fourth cone cell never gets a work out.

The research on cDa29 hasn't been peer-reviewed or published as yet, and Jordan is continuing her research and search for more tetrachromats.

There's a lot more work to be done and Jordan's results need to be replicated and verified. But if we can confirm that tetrachromats really do exist, it won't just teach us about the limitations of human senses, it could help scientists develop better artificial sensing devices, and also help us figure out more about how vision works.

One thing we might never be able to understand, sadly, is exactly what the world looks like through cDa29's eyes, seeing as it's our brains that truly perceive colour - our cone cells just receive the data to be processed.

"This private perception is what everybody is curious about," Jordan told Discover. "I would love to see that."

Source: Science Alert

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Monday, August 22, 2016

Pasta isn't fattening, and can actually help you lose weight, study finds

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Pasta isn't fattening, and can actually help you lose weight, study finds

You’d be hard-pressed to find a meal as overwhelmingly demonised as pasta when it comes to weight-loss, but a new study has found that under the right circumstances, it’s not actually that fattening.

In fact, pasta can actually help you maintain a healthy weight, Italian researchers have found, thanks to a study involving more than 20,000 people.

You might not have noticed, but in recent years, we’ve seen something of a quiet revolution when it comes to food.

The traditional 'bad boys' of a healthy diet - butter, salt, and eggs - are starting to be redeemed through new research, with studies challenging official US dietary recommendations that have persisted for decades in spite of scientific evidence.

And now researchers are telling us there’s no point in avoiding pasta either.

Let’s be clear though - no one’s saying you should load up on butter, creamy pasta, and salty eggs. The old adage, "Everything in moderation," has never been more pertinent.

As researchers from the Neuromed Institute of explain in a new study, when eaten as part of a healthy Mediterranean diet, pasta is your weight-loss friend.

"In popular views, pasta is often considered not adequate when you want to lose weight. And some people completely ban it from their meals," says one of the team, Licia Iacoviello.

"In light of this research, we can say that this is not a correct attitude. We're talking about a fundamental component of Italian Mediterranean tradition, and there is no reason to do without it."

Iacoviello and her colleagues randomly recruited 14,402 participants aged over 35 from the Molise region of Southern Italy - a cohort known as the Moli-sani Project. Another group of 8,964 participants aged over 18 years from all over Italy were analysed separately (called the INHES cohort).

The team used a standardised questionnaire to find out what each participant had eaten over the past 24 hours, including time, place of consumption, detailed description of foods or beverages, quantity consumed, and brand.

Portion sizes were taken into account, and the participants were asked whether they were following a particular diet and whether the food they’d had in the past 24 hours was different from the norm.

The participants also had their weight, height, waist and hip circumferences were measured.

Not only did the study find no correlation between eating pasta and an unhealthy weight - it was the opposite, because pasta consumption was actually linked to being slimmer.

"As a traditional component of Mediterranean diet, pasta consumption was negatively associated with BMI, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio and with a lower prevalence of overweight and obesity," the researchers conclude.

"The message emerging from this study, as from other scientific analyses conducted in the context of the Moli-sani Project and INHES, is that Mediterranean diet, consumed in moderation and respecting the variety of all its elements (pasta in the first place), is good to your health," says Iacoviello.

There are some pretty hefty caveats though, the most important being that the link between pasta consumption and healthy diet was contingent on the person adhering to the Mediterranean diet - a diet consisting of food high in complex carbohydrates and fibre, such as legumes, rice, and cereals, plus cheese, olive oil, tomatoes, garlic, and fish.

That means the people who were able to keep their weight down and enjoy pasta were already maintaining an overall healthy, balanced diet, and were having their pasta with fish and vegetables, rather than huge, creamy meals with lots of meat.

Their portion sizes were also quite modest, so we're talking a side of pasta, rather than a whole meal, which is traditional in Mediterranean eating.

"Survey participants were given little picture booklets to help them report portion size," Kathleen O'Brien reports for NJ. "The biggest portion selection was 86 grams - in other words, 86 grams constituted a very large portion for these Italians."

So when you boil down these results, they're not actually that surprising - you can have your pasta and eat it too if you maintain a healthy balanced diet. All those good carbs can help you feel full, and that's going to help you cut down on the calories, if you do it right.

The results have been published in the journal Nutrition & Diabetes.

Source: Science Alert
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Do You Wish To Know What Your Kids Will Look Like? This Can Help You!

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Do You Wish To Know What Your Kids Will Look Like? This Can Help You!

Many people wouldn't want to know what their child is going to look like or if they are going to have a boy or a girl. That's because they want no spoilers: a birth can be a nice surprise too!

However, this amazing infographic can tell a lot about a baby's future appearance, based on its parents' appearance.

For example, you child's eye color will depend on the combination on yours and your partner's eye color.

The infographic can be pretty accurate. Take a look at it - it's really interesting.
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Saturday, August 20, 2016

It’s Always The Quiet Ones: People Who Talk Less Really Are Smarter

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It’s Always The Quiet Ones: People Who Talk Less Really Are Smarter

It’s easy to get wrapped up in the excitement of being around big talkers.

They have a sh*tload of bravado. They’re enchanting. They bring you in with their wild stories and their bold, enticing passion about the issues they’re discussing.

The problem is that they don’t really know what they’re talking about.

They spend a lot of time chattering away without actually taking the time to think through what they’re saying. They’re too busy listening to themselves to hear what anyone else has to say.

It’s easy to assume that the most outspoken, opinionated person in the room is the most intelligent. In fact, this isn’t always the case.

The people who are the most intelligent are actually the ones you’d least expect to be smart. They patiently wait for other people to say what they need to say. They choose to open their ears rather than their mouths.

The quietest people are the smartest people; the ones who talk less have the most brainpower.

Go figure.

These are the introverts. They’re the creative types, the geniuses who get stimulation from learning rather than socializing.

You may not have noticed them. They prefer to fly under the radar, silently producing the best work and the most incredible art.

It’s always the quiet ones who turn out to be the most interesting and surprising, isn’t it?

Quiet People Are Too Busy Thinking To Talk.

The quitest people are the ones inside their heads.

They’re chronic over-thinkers. They may want to start a conversation, but they’re busy thinking about that conversation’s possible outcomes.

They dissect every single factor in a conversation. Speaking doesn’t come easily, as they take it very seriously.

Quiet people may have a lot to say, but they have trouble forming actual words because they’re moving from one subject to the next inside their heads.

Quiet People Write And Read More Than They Speak.

Quiet, intelligent people focus their energy on creating. They aren’t spending their free time out at the bar; they’re spending it reading and writing.

Introverts enjoy stimulating conversations, but it is safe to say that these are few and far between.

It’s the quiet ones who are sitting in their libraries, reading and lounging on their couches, writing and creating.

Quiet People Have Stronger Brains Because They Take Time To Reflect.

The best thing you can do for your brain is to give it a break and allow it to soak up what’s around you.

According to AARP Magazine, being quiet is actually good for your brain health — because it gives your mind a chance to wander and reflect.

It’s the quiet people who devote time to meditation. Their brains get stronger because they don’t just hear things; they analyze them.

Quiet People Aren’t Loners; They Just Value Learning Over Gossip.

Some of the most intelligent people are introverts. According to an interview in Scientific America with Susan Cain, author of the book “Quiet: The Power of Introverts”:

It’s also important to understand that introversion is different from shyness. Shyness is the fear of negative judgment, while introversion is simply the preference for less stimulation.

It’s not that shy people don’t enjoy being in the company of others; they just prefer the company of books. Quiet people are natural learners, and they have an unquenchable thirst for knowledge.

Their curiosity draws them to learning as much as they can. Just because they’re quiet doesn’t mean they’re antisocial; they just prefer to expand their minds more than they like to open their mouths.

Quiet People Choose Their Words Wisely.

When people are constantly chattering, they aren’t thinking about what they’re saying. Quiet people watch what they say.

They are reflective people. They don’t want to emit useless words in a world that is already so inundated with noise. They want to add meaning to the world.

The quiet person thinks about what to say instead of yammering on without a whim. Every single sentence is a carefully crafted masterpiece that has been created by his or her beautiful mind.

Quiet People Don’t Blabber; They Listen.

The smartest people are the ones who are quietly listening and absorbing everything that is being said around them. These people have the most knowledge because they’re processing words instead of speaking them.

Their thoughts and opinions arrive from knowledge that has been meticulously collected and curated. When you listen, you become a better decision-maker.

If you’re quiet, you’re going to make smart decisions. You can’t make an informed choice without first knowing all the facts.

The chatterboxes are too busy listening to themselves to really understand what they’re even talking about.

by Gigi Engle

Source: Elite Daily via Ideaspots
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The morning after I killed myself

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The morning after I killed myself

The morning after I killed myself, I woke up.

I made myself breakfast in bed. I added salt and pepper to my eggs and used my toast for a cheese and bacon sandwich. I squeezed a grapefruit into a juice glass. I scraped the ashes from the frying pan and rinsed the butter off the counter. I washed the dishes and folded the towels.

The morning after I killed myself, I fell in love. Not with the boy down the street or the middle school principal. Not with the everyday jogger or the grocer who always left the avocados out of the bag. I fell in love with my mother and the way she sat on the floor of my room holding each rock from my collection in her palms until they grew dark with sweat. I fell in love with my father down at the river as he placed my note into a bottle and sent it into the current. With my brother who once believed in unicorns but who now sat in his desk at school trying desperately to believe I still existed.

The morning after I killed myself, I walked the dog. I watched the way her tail twitched when a bird flew by or how her pace quickened at the sight of a cat. I saw the empty space in her eyes when she reached a stick and turned around to greet me so we could play catch but saw nothing but sky in my place. I stood by as strangers stroked her muzzle and she wilted beneath their touch like she did once for mine.

The morning after I killed myself, I went back to the neighbors’ yard where I left my footprints in concrete as a two year old and examined how they were already fading. I picked a few daylilies and pulled a few weeds and watched the elderly woman through her window as she read the paper with the news of my death. I saw her husband spit tobacco into the kitchen sink and bring her her daily medication.

The morning after I killed myself, I watched the sun come up. Each orange tree opened like a hand and the kid down the street pointed out a single red cloud to his mother.

The morning after I killed myself, I went back to that body in the morgue and tried to talk some sense into her. I told her about the avocados and the stepping stones, the river and her parents. I told her about the sunsets and the dog and the beach.

The morning after I killed myself, I tried to unkill myself, but couldn’t finish what I started.

By Meggie Royer

Source: The Minds Journal

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This South Korean cloning facility promises to bring back your dead dog

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This South Korean cloning facility promises to bring back your dead dog

The Sooam Biotech Research Foundation can reincarnate your dead dog, a service that would delight pet lovers - for US$100,000.

"These people have very a strong bond with their pets ... and cloning provides a psychological alternative to the traditional method of just letting the pet go and keeping their memory," said Sooam researcher and spokesman Wang Jae-Woong.

They specialise in cloning cattle and pigs for medical research and breed preservation as well, particularly developing genetically-engineered animals for use as disease models.

But it is their dog cloning service that brings in the most customers: they’ve cloned almost 800 dogs since 2006, with their client base including princes, celebrities, and billionaires, as well as owners and agencies who want to replicate highly skilled sniffer and rescue dogs.

The process starts with putting your dead dog in the fridge - not the freezer, just the fridge. Oh, and don’t forget to wrap it in wet towels too.

Within about five days of your dog being delivered to the facility, a mature cell from the dog can be successfully harvested, and copied; the DNA is then fused with a donor egg that has been stripped of its original genetic material.

The embryo from this process is then implanted in a surrogate mother dog. Two months later, your dead best friend is back to being a puppy.

Sooam’s most publicised project was its creation of five clones of Trakr, a rescue dog that found the last survivor of the 9/11 World Trade Center tragedy. It also conducted collaborations with other cloning facilities, such as BioArts International, which has since opted out of the dog cloning market.

Now the company is partnering with other researchers in an ambitious plan to clone a mammoth from frozen remains found in Siberia.

While cloning in itself is already a hotbed of debate, Sooam’s founder Hwang Woo-Suk has a notorious past, further bringing the company’s moral and ethical foundations to question.

In 2004 and 2005, he published a claim stating he has successfully derived stem cell lines from cloned human embryos. This was later found out to be a hoax. The scandal revealed numerous ethical violations.

In 2009, he was served a two-year suspended prison sentence for embezzlement and bioethical violations.

"I think the only way to win the public’s trust back is making more genuine scientific breakthroughs," Hwang said.

Head researcher Jeong Yeon-Woo says Sooam’s dog cloning service remains as the company’s most fulfilling facet.

"They look like they found a child that had been missing," Jeong said. "The moment of pure joy like that ... makes me realise again why I’m doing this."

Source: Futurism via Science Alert

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21 Funny Dads Who Are Definitely Nailing This Whole Parenting Thing. #8 Is Just Brilliant!

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21 Funny Dads Who Are Definitely Nailing This Whole Parenting Thing. #8 Is Just Brilliant!

Being a parent is an important responsibility, but nobody said you can’t have some fun in the process of raising your kids.

These 21 dads are having a great time trolling their babies and kids in the cutest way ever.

If You Like This Post, Share It With Your Friends On Facebook!

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