These 20 shocking pictures should teach humanity about the crimes of the past. Hiroshima was the first city that was targeted by a nuclear weapon...
The first nuclear weapon was used in Japan, 70 years ago, on August 6th of 1945, at 8:15 a.m. A single atomic bomb was enough to kill 140.000 people, destroying Hiroshima.
After Enola Gate, the co-pilot of the US bomber, realized what had happened, he wrote:
"God, what have we done?"
3 days after the catastrophe in Hiroshima, a second atomic bomb was dropped in Nagasaki. These were the only nuclear weapons of mass destruction that have ever been used. They actually led the Second World World to an end. However the reason why USA used the atomic bomb was NOT to end the war.
What has humanity learnt?
According to Odd Arne Westad, a Harvard Professor, the dreadful consequences of Hiroshima's and Nagasaki's bombing prevented the later use of nuclear weapons of mass destruction.
"It's really important that the world realized how tragic the consequences were. It's remarkable that 70 years after Hiroshima, no one has used nuclear weapons again", he told CNN.
"Almost 60 years have passed since the Cold War, without the use of nuclear weapons. Hiroshima has taught us a really important lesson", he added.
Nuclear weapons of mass destruction today.
Since 1945, USA, Russia, UK, France, China, Pakistan and North Korea have made more than 2000 nuclear weapons' testings.
It is estimated that today there are approximately 17,000 nuclear warheads in the whole world. Professor Westad mentions that the nuclear weapons are more in countries with lasting collisions. This means that there is always a possibility that these weapons will be used some day.
A man on a bike crossing the destroyed Hiroshima, a few days after the first atomic bomb was dropped.
Some weeks ago, USA had first tested an atomic bomb in New Mexico, on July 16th.
Everything began in 1939, when Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard send a mail to the American President Roosevelt, urging him to conduct research in order to build the atomic bomb before the Germans manage to build their own. By 1942 the USA had approved the confidential Manhattan Project.
It all started in 1939, when Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard sent a letter to US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, telling him to conduct a research about an atomic bomb's construction before Germans construct their own bomb. By the year of 1942, the US had approved the confidential Manhattan Project
In 1942 Lieutenant General Leslie Groves (on the left) was put in charge of the Manhattan Project. On his right, there is Rober Oppenheimer, head of the research station Los Alamos in New Mexico, who became known as "atomic bomb's father".
Workers at Los Alamos posing with 100 tons of TNT.
Signboards like this reminded workers that the Manhattan Project was a secret.
The bomb two days before the first successful test.
The explosion of the first bomb test, codenamed Trinity, became in the desert Jornada del Muerto (Day of the Dead).
The pilot of Enola Gay, Paul Tibbets, a few minutes before the departure to Hiroshima on August 6, 1945.
The first atomic bomb called "Little Boy" caused enormous destruction as seen in the photo taken shortly after the explosion.
US President Harry S. Truman, sailing, reading reports of the bombing of Hiroshima.
The white line, a point that was not burned by the heat wave is considered to be a man's shadow.
An elderly woman in a makeshift hospital in Hiroshima after the destruction.
The second atomic bomb called "Fat Man" a few hours before exploding at Nagasaki on August 9, 1945.
Nagasaki 15 minutes after the explosion.
Survivors in Nagasaki.
70,000 people died instantly in Nagasaki. Photo of a survivor with her child.
Screenshot of the White House press office when Truman announced the surrender of Japan on August 15, 1945.
Hiroshima three weeks after the bombing.
Soldiers and sailors on the USS Missouri watching the formal surrender of Japan in Tokyo Bay on September 2, 1945.
Today, Hiroshima has been finally rebuilt and looks completely different.
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